Excess body weight, a rapidly growing problem worldwide, is a major risk factor for CVD (Cardiovascular diseases). The number of people affected by diabetes mellitus exceeds more than 180 million throughout the world, and the number of affected is supposed to increase to 300 million by 2025. New data indicates that diabetes pervasiveness in adults has grown since 1980 in almost every country of the world; the outcome is a near quadrupling of the number of adults worldwide with diabetes.
Within this escalating healthcare problem of monumental proportions, obesity-associated type 2 diabetes accounts for 90–95% of all diagnosed diabetes in adults. In fact, diabetes and insulin resistance are powerful presages of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and each is an independent risk factor for death in patients with heart failure. Yet, the complex mechanisms underlying the deleterious impact of diabetes on the heart and vasculature are poorly characterized.
People with diabetes are at much higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) than the average population. Evidence-based, prioritized, and strategic management of CVD risk factors among people with diabetes is important for the improvement of its burden on disability, morbidity, mortality, and high health care costs. Risk factors for diabetes and CVD are similar, and most can be effectively decreased by lifestyle modification. Medical nutrition therapy and other lifestyle recommendations for CVD prevention and treatment are discussed.
Below are a few lifestyle tips to help fight Cardio diabetic disorders: