Importance of lifestyle in Cardio diabetic diseases

Excess body weight, a rapidly growing problem worldwide, is a major risk factor for CVD (Cardiovascular diseases). The number of people affected by diabetes mellitus exceeds more than 180 million throughout the world, and the number of affected is supposed to increase to 300 million by 2025. New data indicates that diabetes pervasiveness in adults has grown since 1980 in almost every country of the world; the outcome is a near quadrupling of the number of adults worldwide with diabetes.

Within this escalating healthcare problem of monumental proportions, obesity-associated type 2 diabetes accounts for 90–95% of all diagnosed diabetes in adults. In fact, diabetes and insulin resistance are powerful presages of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and each is an independent risk factor for death in patients with heart failure. Yet, the complex mechanisms underlying the deleterious impact of diabetes on the heart and vasculature are poorly characterized.

People with diabetes are at much higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) than the average population. Evidence-based, prioritized, and strategic management of CVD risk factors among people with diabetes is important for the improvement of its burden on disability, morbidity, mortality, and high health care costs. Risk factors for diabetes and CVD are similar, and most can be effectively decreased by lifestyle modification. Medical nutrition therapy and other lifestyle recommendations for CVD prevention and treatment are discussed.

Below are a few lifestyle tips to help fight Cardio diabetic disorders:

Tip 1 – A nourishing diet is extremely essential for your health & wellbeing. You have to accept the fact that good health is all about taking charge and doing what’s good for your body.

  • Eat more green vegetables, fresh fruits, calcium & fibre rich foods
  • Shift to whole grain/multi grain flour.
  • Lessen your portion size and eat at regular intervals ( say every 2 to 3 hours)
  • Obliterate or at least try to limit the consumption of oily food
  • Replace junk food with healthy snacks
  • Drink lots of water

Tip 2 – It is essential to have a perfect balance between food and physical activity. In order to keep your immune system active and functioning perfectly, an adult should be involved in some or the other form of physical activity for at least 30 minutes for not less than 5 days a week. Walking is found to be the best and safest form of exercise for patients of all ages. It not only helps you get rid of those extra calories but also enhances your strength, stamina and endurance. Apart from this, there are a lot more ways through which you can encompass exercise in your day to day life.

  • Take the stairs instead of lift & elevators
  • Walk from the bus stop to your home/office
  • Take your dog out for a walk daily if you have one
  • Do household work for at least 30 minutes everyday
  • If you have kids at home, play with them and get rid of some calories
  • Always take a short walk after every meal

Tip 3 – Any kind of addiction, whether it is of alcohol, nicotine or any other form of drug, can ruin your health in the worst way possible.

Tip 4 – Make sure you monitor your body weight. Extra weight especially near the stomach has been associated with cardiovascular deaths. People who are obese & overweight are also at risk for many more serious health diseases or disorders like sleep apnoea, diabetes and cancer. Take care of your weight by eating low-calorie, fat-free food and include some kind of exercise in your day to day life.

Tip 5 – Anything in excess is bad for health. High consumption of Sugar, Salt, & Oil can lead to serious consequences in the form of diabetes, blood pressure and heart problems (due to high cholesterol). Significantly reduce the usage of these 3 ingredients in your food.

Tip 6 –Take good care of your body – it’s the only place you live in. Routine health check-ups can offer a complete analysis of your current health conditions. Routine check-ups also help in early diagnosis treatment of any kind of disease or disorder. You should have a routine health check up every 6 months.

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